Shoulder Surgery

Dr. John G. Costouros MD, FACS.
Shoulder Disorders Specialist and Shoulder Surgeon at Stanford University Medical Center
Experienced Shoulder Surgeon - Dr. John G. Costouros, MD, FACS

Dr. Costouros has devoted his entire career in becoming an expert in the comprehensive treatment of all disorders affecting the shoulder — from sports injuries, to fractures, to end-stage arthritis. Most injuries of the shoulder that require surgery can be treated today with arthroscopic surgery, a minimally invasive technique that requires minimal downtime and enables faster recovery.

Dr. Costouros also specializes in joint replacement surgery for more complex problems such as advanced arthritis or some irreparable rotator cuff tears. He has been a leader in developing cutting-edge technology for shoulder surgery and has led FDA clinical trials at Stanford. He is also a resource in treating complex problems which have failed prior treatment.

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Cutting edge and state-of-the-art services offered by Dr. Costouros include the arthroscopic treatment of:


  • Rotator cuff tears
  • Instability, dislocations, and labral tears 
  • Pain from overhead sports and throwing injuries
  • Nerve compression 
  • Stiffness from frozen shoulders 
  • Cartilage injuries and arthritis 
  • Superior capsular reconstruction 
  • Acromioclavicular joint dislocations 

When arthroscopic surgery is not the best option for more complex problems, Dr. Costouros can offer open reconstruction of the shoulder:


  • Total shoulder replacement 
  • Stemless total shoulder replacement 
  • Pyrocarbon partial shoulder replacement 
  • Reverse total shoulder replacement 
  • Resurfacing shoulder replacement 
  • Treatment of fractures of the shoulder girdle
  • Tendon transfers for irreparable rotator cuff tears 
  • Complex instability problems

Benefits

Minimally Invasive Treatment

Arthroscopic surgery is a minimally invasive technique that uses small incisions and a tiny camera/video to treat many injuries of the shoulder. Many sports injuries result in a labral tear or rotator cuff tear which are effectively treated arthroscopically today. Some salvage procedures for irreparable rotator cuff tears such as superior capsular reconstruction can also be performed arthroscopically today. Dr. Costouros has treated elite athletes at all levels, from the recreational athlete to collegiate, olympic, and professional athletes.

Rapid Recovery

Arthroscopic surgeries are done on an outpatient basis and generally take 1-2 hours to complete. Patients experience less pain and scarring following surgery, return home on the day of surgery, and are able to recover and resume their normal activities much more quickly.

Comprehensive Care

As a specialist in all aspects of shoulder disorders, this will be your last stop in treatment. Dr. Costouros will help you obtain a pain-free and fully-functional shoulder so that you can remain active and live your life to the fullest.